Lawn Repair

Planting a new lawn is not difficult; most homeowners can do a good job. If your site requires major alternation, sometimes is better to call someone who has more equipment, experience, and expertise.

Lawn establishment – Preparing the soil base

  • Site should be free of weeds
  • Contour and slope of a lawn will be determined by fixed installations such as foundations, driveways, walks and streets
  • The lawn grade should slope away from the foundations
  • Rocks and debris should be removed before and after soil is worked
  • Work soil over to a depth of 3-6 inches
  • Periodic soaking and drying will enable the soil to settle naturally
  • Level the lawn by scraping soil from high spots and filling in holes and depressions
  • Prior to seeding or sodding, the soil should receive a shallow cultivation
  • The bed should be firm, but not packed


  • Initiating a lawn through the introduction of plant units that are capable of developing into other such plants
  • Accurate application of seed is essential for uniform density and prevention of waste
  • Seed should be applied using a drop spreader
  • Seed should be mixed into the top 1/4 inch of soil by lightly dragging the back of a garden rake over the seeded area
  • When covering seed on a slope, work across the sloping ground, as this will help prevent washing out of seed
  • If available, a thin uniform mulch cover will conserve moisture and reduce seed loss due to wind, water and birds
  • Clean straw, shredded bark, wood shavings or peat are all acceptable mulching materials
  • Seed bed should be kept moist for 21 days
  • Avoid over-watering the seed bed

Note: Establishing a lawn in this manner helps prevent thatch from becoming a problem


  • seeding is an excellent way to establish a desirable stand of turf by selecting a suitable mix of grass types for the situation
  • less expensive than turfing


  • seed may take 4-6 weeks to establish an acceptable stand of turf
  • during this delay, weeds may infest the area


  • overseeding will reclaim a neglected or ravaged lawn
  • overseeding is introducing a desirable grass species into a thin lawn

Preparing the Overseed Bed

  • turf should be cut to a height of 2 inches
  • area must then be raked vigorously with a garden rake or power brush
  • if possible, mechanical core aeration should be performed to expose the soil surface
  • seed can be distributed with a broadcast or drop spreader
  • water as needed to keep area moist for 21 days
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